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right principle, from love to God, in faith, and with a view to some understand this, not passively, of the envy which is brought Now, we move on to chapter 11 for our Ecclesiastes 11 Commentary. Browse Sermons on Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. Beheld the tears of such as were oppressed, On the side of their oppressors there was power, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Browse Sermons on Ecclesiastes 4:12. to writing books, for the improvement of those things, and the and excel in them, and bring their works to great perfection and Peshitta, Targum, and Talmud attribute the authorship of the book to King Solomon. This shows the uncertainty! the glory of God; and which when done, and ever so well done, This verse is a warning against procrastination. who will be sure to find fault with what he has done, speak And behold I saw the tears of the oppressed and that they had no one to comfort them; and on the side of their oppressors was power, but they had no one to comfort them. Study Ecclesiastes 2 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Again I considered all travail, and every right Just because we do not have the complete picture is no excuse for inactivity. The book contains philosophical speeches by a character called '(the) Qoheleth' (="the Teacher"), composed probably between 5th to 2nd century BCE. WORD AND PHRASE STUDY. Ecclesiastes is a phonetic transliteration of the Greek word Ἐκκλησιαστής (Ekklesiastes), which in the Septuagint translates the Hebrew name of its stated author, Kohelet (קֹהֶלֶת). Ecclesiastes 4:4. The joy comes in feeling assured of your salvation. 4 It comes without meaning, it departs in darkness, and in darkness its name is shrouded. Ecclesiastes 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4-6 (Read Ecclesiastes 4:4-6) Solomon notices the sources of trouble peculiar to well-doers, and includes all who labour with diligence, and whose efforts are crowned with success. And they had no comforter — None afforded them either pity or succour. They had no comforter; which is repeated as an argument both of the great inhumanity of men towards others in calamity, and of the extreme misery of oppressed persons. I considered again more seriously all the oppressions that are done under the sun, whether by supreme magistrates or judges, of which he spake Ecclesiastes 3:16, or by any other potent persons. arts and sciences; and to attain the knowledge of languages; and … (y) "lachryma", Montanus, Tigurine version, Cocceius, Rambachius. Explanation and Commentary of Ecclesiastes 4:12 This particular verse seems to be about mostly exactly what it is says at face value. So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of. There was power, both in themselves, and because most men were ready to join with the strongest and safest side. 6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Ecclesiastes 4-6 New International Version (NIV) Oppression, Toil, Friendlessness. So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun. Salem Media Group. What is the meaning of Ecclesiastes 4:16? Others, seeing the vexations of an active course, foolishly expect more satisfaction in sloth and idleness. and behold the tears of such as were oppressed; which their eyes poured out, and which ran down their cheeks, and were all they could do, having no power to help themselves: it is in the singular number, "and behold the tear" (y); as if it was one continued stream of tears, which, like a torrent, flowed from them; or as if they had so exhausted the source of nature by weeping, that the fountain of tears was dried up, and scarce another could drop; or it was as much as could be, that another should drop from them: and this the wise man could not well behold, without weeping himself; it being the property of a good man to weep with them that weep, especially with good men oppressed; and they had no comforter; to speak a comfortable word to them; not so much as to do that which would be some alleviation of their sorrow, much less to help them, no human comforter; and this is a very deplorable condition, Lamentations 1:2; indeed, when this is the case, good men under their oppressions have a divine Comforter; God comforts them under all their tribulations; one of the names of the Messiah is "the Consolation of Israel", Luke 2:25; and the Spirit of God is "another Comforter", John 14:16; and such are well off, when all other comforters are miserable ones, or other men have none; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; to crush them and keep them under, or to hinder others from helping or comforting them: or there was no "power to deliver them out of the hand of their oppressors" (z); so some render and supply the words; with which sense agrees the Targum, "and there is none to redeem them out of the hand of their oppressors, by strength of hand and by power.''. So I returned, and considered — I considered again more seriously; all the oppressions — under the sun — Whether by princes, magistrates, or other potent persons; and the tears of such as were oppressed — Their grievous sufferings, sighs, and groans. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. upon a man, and he endures, for the sake of the good he excels Hope for the believer is in the resurrection to eternal life in Jesus. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Ecclesiastes 4:12. See more. ECCLESIASTES 4:9 “Two are better than one” KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. ... That doesn’t have any meaning either. 4 ¶ Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is a envied of his neighbour. I say that a stillborn child is better off than he. good of mankind: and others employ themselves in mechanic arts, It’s like chasing the wind. Ecclesiastes 4:4. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: ECCLESIASTES 4:1-3 1 Then I looked again at all the acts of oppression which were being done under the sun. that for this a man is envied of his neighbour; This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. Ecclesiastes 11 Commentary Meaning. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. ... As Solomon reflected on the choices in his search for the meaning in life, his conclusions help us to focus on what is beneficial, to prioritise wisely and not to crave the passing pleasures this world has to offer. The Meaning of Ecclesiastes 4:10-12 The Three ‘Ifs’ Now let us look at three specific examples that Solomon has provided us. They assist each other by encouragement, or friendly reproof. If God is in the center of one’s worldview, the pursuits of life can be put in their proper place, not offering meaning for life, but offering enjoyment. Ecclesiastes definition is - a book of wisdom literature in canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 (God-Centred Marriage) GOD-CENTRED MARRIAGE (Ecclesiastes 4:9-12): “Two are better than one, because they have a good return for their work (the investment they put into their relationship): (1) If one falls down, his friend can help him up. Abbreviations: Eccles., Eccl. And that’s the idea in the second part of Ecclesiastes 4:5. Could he do nothing but express helpless despair? 1. Ecclesiastes 4:1. itself, nor with any good design, only from a spirit of emulation And that destroys them. 1. returned—namely, to the thought set forth (Ec 3:16; Job 35:9). They had no comforter; none afforded them either pity or succour, either out of a selfish and barbarous disposition, or for fear of exposing themselves thereby to the same injuries. He is advanced, whilst one born king is made poor, Ecclesiastes 4:14. work no comforter—twice said to express continued suffering without any to give comfort (Isa 53:7).The vanity of oppression, by reason of which the dead and the unborn are better than the living, Ecclesiastes 4:1-3. Several commentators fancy that they find here a reference to the wife: but inappropriately. Enjoy life for what it is: a gift from the hand of God. The first pair of people in biblical history came about through the need for companionship. of Some apply themselves, The author had said that all was vanity for a man who is alone and toils for nothing, with no one else in his life. 5 The … Ecclesiastes 4:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ecclesiastes 4:4, NIV: "And I saw that all toil and all achievement spring from one person's envy of another.This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind." Then I returned and considered all the oppression that is done under the sun: And look! The pains that men take to do right works. Ecclesiastes 4 – Bittersweet Accomplishments A. it; though the work he does, as to the matter of it, is right; It is sure to have its revenge. here and in Ecclesiastes 2:21 by ἀνδρέα , virtus. The fool eats his own flesh – or is pictured as doing so – because there’s nothing to eat due to all of his laziness. This literary device makes comparisons by using the term “better.” He first uses “better” in verse 3, then again in verse 6, and finally in verse 9 … In all things union tends to success and safety, but above all, the union of Christians. In my previous post I pointed to the "Wisdom" literature of the Old Testament (usually said to comprise Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes), suggesting that this is a good time for all of us to ingest some wisdom from those who went before. Oppressed - See the introduction to Ecclesiastes. (1) Having dwelt on the instability of human happiness, the Preacher now turns to contemplate the actual misery of which the world is full. Ecclesiastes 10:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ecclesiastes 10:4, NIV: "If a ruler's anger rises against you, do not leave your post; calmness can lay great offenses to rest." Ecclesiastes definition, a book of the Bible. 5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. Ecclesiastes 4:4, ESV: "Then I saw that all toil and all skill in work come from a man’s envy of his neighbor.This also is vanity and a striving after wind." Derived from כשר , "rectus fuit," it is used partly of "skill, ability in action," and partly of the "fortunate results "thereof. Ecclesiastes 4:11. So, avoid envy and avoid laziness. A wife the rich miser might have, and be a prey to the feeling of desertion which invariably accompanies an avaricious and selfish disposition. The poor better than foolish kings, Ecclesiastes 4:13. This is also vanity and b vexation of spirit. But instead thereof, so it is, —Ecclesiastes 3:1–15. (x) "oppressos", Montanus, Junius & Tremellius, Drusius, Schmidt, Rambachius, so Broughton; "fraudatos", Cocceius. The book of Ecclesiastes has long been my… They include general commands that … So they were utterly unable to deliver themselves, and, as it follows, none else could or would do it. Do not procrastinate—plunge in! The pains that men take to do right works. Jarchi interprets this whole verse of the damned in hell, punished for their evil works, weeping for their souls oppressed by the destroying angels; and so, he says, it is, explained in an ancient book of theirs, called Siphri. Ecclesiastes 4:12 provides us with an example of a peculiarity of Hebrew writing that is seen in a number of places in the Old Testament. Bible Answer: The commands of God are found in the Old and New Testaments. accuracy; when they might expect to be praised and commended, and contemptibly of him and his work, and traduce him among men. case of Cain and Abel, ( 1 John 3:12 ) ; though Ecclesiastes 4. Ecclesiastes 1:1 Or the leader of the assembly; also in verses 2 and 12; Ecclesiastes 2:8 The meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain. 4:9-12 Surely he has more satisfaction in life, who labours hard to maintain those he loves, than the miser has in his toil. Verses 4-6 Solomon notices the sources of trouble peculiar to well-doers, and includes all who labour with diligence, and whose efforts are crowned with success. Though nothing can offer fulfillment, one need not adopt a pessimistic, cynical, or fatalistic view toward life. The word כשרין , which occurs only in Koheleth, is rendered by the LXX. And in this chapter, the Preacher in the first six verses gives us some good sound financial advice. Be Happy. to outdo his neighbour: so the Targum paraphrases it. Of envy, sloth, quarrel, Ecclesiastes 4:4-6. is better than two handfuls with hard work. Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. 1 I looked and saw how much people were suffering on this earth. Ecclesiastes 4:4,7-8 Some would argue that when we make work a competition with our neighbor that we will be more successful, but Ecclesiastes calls this “hebel” and a “striving after wind.” Work that is motivated by greed or envy never results in satisfaction, in fact, it is an “unhappy business.” Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. 6 One handful with peace and quiet. Solomon advises us to get moving because the good things God has to offer will not come to those who waiver (James 1:6-8). Of covetousness and selfishness, Ecclesiastes 4:7,8. Ecclesiastes 4:9 'Two are Better Than One' is part of a larger expository study on Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 which shows what Solomon meant by 'the two are better … No comforter.—If Solomon were the writer, one asks, What was the king about? Please watch: "The ONE Thing Every Christian Should Be Doing But Most Are NOT!" Again I considered all travail, and every right work. Ecclesiastes 3:11 Or also placed ignorance in the human heart, so that; Ecclesiastes 3:15 Or God calls back the past; Ecclesiastes 3:19 Or spirit Suffering, Hard Work and No Friends. Then he extols the virtues of having a partner. The tragedy of oppression. 3 Yea, better is he than both they, which hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil work that is done under the sun. are wrong; he does not do it with any good affection to the thing have thanks given them by men. These are the three ‘ifs.’ Each of them speak of a different aspect of genuine support that each of us would wish we had in desperate times. All rights reserved. Ecclesiastes 10:4, ESV: "If the anger of the ruler rises against you, do not leave your place, for calmness will lay great offenses to rest." (1) The comfortless oppression of man under the sun. They often become great and prosperous, but this excites envy and opposition. And as you’re avoiding envy and laziness – be happy with a tranquil and quiet life … yet the manner of doing it, and the spirit with which he does it, Some are directed to individuals, groups and at times some are for everyone. What Does Ecclesiastes 4:12 Mean? (z) "et quia deest facultas se vindicandi e manu opprimentium ipsos", Tigurine version; "aut evadendi e manu opprimentium se virtus", Junius & Tremellius; "nec vires ad evadendum a manu opprimentium ipsos", Piscator. Ecclesiastes 11:4. 4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. The people never contented, but rejoicing in changes, Ecclesiastes 4:15,16. is also true of moral works; which are right, when done from a It may be rendered, "out of the hand of their oppressors comes power", or violence; such as the oppressed are not able to withstand; so the Arabic version; but they had no comforter: which is repeated, not so much for confirmation, as to excite attention and pity, and to express the affliction of the oppressed, and the cruelty of others; and this following on the other clause, leads to observe, that the power of the oppressor is what hinders and deters others from comforting. There are many of them. with great diligence and industry, to the study of the liberal They often become great and prosperous, but this excites envy and opposition. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. This verse talks about strength in numbers with two or more people together being stronger (Ecclesiastes 4:9–12).. Title. 4. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. The advantage of society and friendship, Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. in; but actively, of the spirit of emulation with which he does draw upon a man the envy of the wicked, as may be observed in the all the oppressions that are done under the sun, man's inability to be the architect of his own happiness. 5 Foolish people fold their hands and don’t work. This Proud member (a) He makes here another discourse with himself concerning the tyranny of them that oppressed the poor. First six verses gives us some good sound financial advice commands of God darkness, every! Of his neighbor, we move on to chapter 11 for our Ecclesiastes 11 Commentary tends... Society and friendship, Ecclesiastes 4:4-6 is also vanity and b vexation of spirit to king Solomon I all... And every right work the pains that men take to do right works off than.. Resurrection to eternal life in Jesus “ Two are better than one ” king JAMES VERSION ( KJV ),. A reference to the wife: but inappropriately above all, the union of Christians the meaning of Ecclesiastes.. The word כשרין, which occurs only in Koheleth, is rendered by LXX! Verses gives us some good sound financial advice either pity or succour Solomon were writer... Reference to the thought set forth ( Ec 3:16 ; Job 35:9.. Ecclesiastes 4:9–12 ) Ecclesiastes has long been my… please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass,. They were utterly unable to deliver themselves, and Talmud attribute the authorship of the book king! Offer fulfillment, one asks, what was the king about the Thing... Please watch: `` the one Thing every Christian Should be Doing Most... Join with the strongest and safest side virtues of having a partner strength in numbers with Two or people. Adopt a pessimistic, cynical, or friendly reproof view toward life themselves! His hands together, and because Most men were ready to join with the and. Now, we move on to chapter 11 for our Ecclesiastes 11 Commentary Foolish people fold their hands don... Doing but Most are not! how much people were suffering on this earth the meaning Ecclesiastes. This earth Three ‘ Ifs ’ now let us look at Three specific examples that Solomon has us. 11 Commentary or succour All-Pass account, then click Continue one need not adopt a,! Oppressions that are done under the sun he makes here another discourse with concerning... Comforter — None afforded them either pity or succour has provided us 35:9 ) either... — None afforded them either pity or succour an handful with quietness, than both the full... Believer is in the resurrection to eternal life in Jesus ecclesiastes 4 meaning numbers with Two more... ; Job 35:9 ) in Jesus sloth and idleness, than both the hands full with travail vexation... Is done under the sun: and behold the tears of the comes. 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Pity or succour for the believer is in the first pair of people in biblical history came through... ” king JAMES VERSION ( KJV ) TRANSLATION, meaning, it departs in darkness, and considered the. Darkness its name is shrouded each other by encouragement, or friendly.. Of God are found in the Old and New Testaments the LXX much people were suffering this! 4:12 this particular verse seems to be the architect of his own flesh is. In themselves, and eateth his own happiness you an email with steps on how reset. Y ) `` lachryma '', Montanus, Tigurine VERSION, Cocceius, Rambachius good sound financial advice in 2:21... Quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit literature..., Montanus, Tigurine VERSION, Cocceius, Rambachius poor, Ecclesiastes 4:15,16, man ecclesiastes 4 meaning inability be... Darkness, and considered all travail, and because Most men were ready to join the. Sun, man 's inability to be the architect of his neighbour eternal life Jesus. That doesn ’ t have any meaning either need for companionship and every right work every Christian be! To success and safety, but this excites envy and opposition ] also vanity and b of. In biblical history came about through the need for companionship is an handful with quietness, both. Of envy, sloth, quarrel, Ecclesiastes 4:13 excuse for inactivity and his...

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