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ethical standards for animal research in psychology quizlet

Dr. Jackson's approach is part of the _____ perspective. They conduct the research in accordance with the approved research protocol. As Chair of the Working Group, I would like to record my thanks to all members, who have In order to prevent undue suffering, ethical considerations in animal studies are important. If theses effects are unavoidable, efforts should be made to minimize the extent and duration … John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner were two important American psychologists associated with the school of behaviorism. Which of the following would violate ethical standards for psychological research? STUDY. Learn. Motor neurons convey information about the environment from specialized receptor cells in the sense organs to the brain. NON-HARMFUL PROCEDURES: The investigator should use no research procedure that may harm the child either physically or psychologically. The test subjects are treated as objects rather than a living creature and are frequently abused, neglected and kept in improper cages. In an experiment, the dependent variable is: The cognitive perspective of psychology focuses on: After a car crash, Tyler was left with a number of chronic and disabling health conditions and was having trouble adjusting to the situation. Animal research requires the approval of an IACUC, and all animal facilities are subject to regular inspections to ensure that animals are being treated humanely. Paper 1: Biological approach Components. 1.Replacement 2.Species and Strain 3.Number of animals 4.Procedures: Pain and distress 5.Housing 6.Reward, Deprivation and Aversive stimuli 7. APA Ethical Guidelines for Research 8. Ethical principles of Psychologydirect what should be focused in regards to ethics during a research. Check your understanding of characteristics of ethical research with an interactive quiz and printable worksheet. injection of drugs before surgical operations. Flashcards. Search. Attention to its current status and future are reflected in broad and sustained news coverage, intense debate, and emotional pleas delivered via mainstream and social media by scientists, scientific societies, animal protection groups, and animal rights activists. The case of Dave Duerson is discussed in the feature In Focus: Traumatic Brain Injury: From Concussion to Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy. (c) External Ethics Committee (EEC): for research that is externally regulated (e.g. Animals used in research should be maintained in a way that provides them with as much physical and psychological wellbeing as possible. Later, Hebb carefully records how many attempts it takes each rat to learn to run a maze with no mistakes. APA's 2002 Ethics Code, which takes effect June 1, mandates that psychologists who use animals in research: Acquire, care for, use and dispose of animals in compliance with current federal, state and local laws and regulations, and with professional standards. Flashcards. Upgrade to remove ads. It considers the ethical issues of research involving animals in the light of these developments, the implications for regulation, and the provision of information and education. D) apply only to research using monkeys and chimps. Jordan_Young06. Sports psychology uses psychological theory and knowledge to enhance athletic motivation, performance, and consistency. Ethics in Animal Experimentation. Which of the following results has NOT been reported in rats that were raised in an enriched environment as compared to rats raised in an impoverished environment? B) are nonexistent. Updated by the SRCD Governing Council in March 2007. Description. mother) at a young age. Terms in this set (8) 7 GUIDELINES. Introspection was not a good method for psychological inquiry because it could not be used to study a variety of complex topics, such as learning, development, and personality. _____ wrote On the Origin of Species, which was published in _____. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Test. Animal research continues to play a vital role in psychology, enabling discoveries of basic psychological and physiological processes that are important for living healthy lives. Research ethics govern the standards of conduct for scientific researchers. using another author's ideas in ones report without citing that author. In a study of children's reading abilities, one group of eight-year-olds was exposed to a new program that supposedly enhances literacy. These neural pathways, made up of bundles of myelinated axons, are sometimes called: The primary function of the myelin sheath is to: Gerry is a professional athlete who has suffered multiple concussions during his career. Professor Anderson is most likely a _____ psychologist. The use of animals in research should be scientifically relevant and appropriate. Generally, before experiments on animals are conducted, the research protocol must be reviewed by animal ethics committees. Create. As a result, he may now be suffering from chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Reliability, Validity, and Ethics Search this Guide Search. Which early school of psychology relied on a method called introspection? Forcing participants to participate in research without their consent is called. There are various codes of conducts in psychological researches which guides the psychologists while conducting any psychological research keeping in mind that there should be no chance of violence of any type of ethical norms or principles. 8.02 Informed Consent to Research (a) When … The neuron's genetic material (DNA) is found in the nucleus of the neuron's cell body. Researchers who use animals as experimental subjects must design their projects so that pain and distress are minimized. The guiding principle of these committees is … An estimated 100 million nonhuman vertebrates worldwide—including primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, birds, rats, and mice—are bred, captured, or otherwise acquired every year for research purposes. The test subjects are treated as objects rather than a living creature and are frequently abused, neglected and … C) are set by the American Psychological Association and by state and federal laws. The term endorphin is actually a combination of the words _____ and _____. And, what character traits should researchers try to avoid? Replacement Refinement Reduction (Animal) What are the three R's. It also extends to the underlying motives and moral considerations of the experiment. D. apply only to research using monkeys and chimps. Write. _____ are the most abundant cells in the human brain. Ethics and Law for School Psychologists is the single best source of authoritative information on the ethical and legal issues school psychologists face every day. Created by. His friends joke that Randy seems addicted to exercise. Stephen E. G. Lea introduces the Society’s new guidelines for psychologists working with animals. animals are to be found in the Society’s Code of Ethics and Conduct and other advisory documents prepared by the Society (such as the Guidelines for Psychologists Working with Animals). Professor Hebb is studying whether learning is affected by different environments. Ethical Standards for Research with Children Ethical Standards for Research with Children. The chapter Prologue describes the story of a young university professor named Asha who suffered a stroke. Principle 1. Frightened, he jumped out of bed to investigate. To promote greater tolerance and acceptance of cultural differences, ethnocentrism should be encouraged. READ MORE IB Psychology Exam Question Banks. Also provides explanations, search tips, and other "words to the wise" for locating and using tests. Recent headlines illustrate the tone: 1. A strain of primate is a chimpanzee, initial run through of the procedures to be used in an investigation, Creatures that are greatly interactive with other members of its species, Being seperated from a loved one (e.g. What character traits should researchers cultivate as virtues? Browse. Start studying CIE AS Psychology (9990) - Ethical Guidelines for Animal Research. Who was the first person to be awarded a Ph.D. in psychology in the United States? Although the biological perspective was important when psychology was first founded, it is of little interest in contemporary psychology. Chimpanzee Research: The Beginning of the End? A model of the cost-benefit analysis for animal research. NHS research). According to the In Focus box, he is likely suffering from: Claude has suffered many head injuries during his long professional ice hockey career. The use of animals in research should evolve out of a strong sense of ethical self-examination. Research ethics govern the standards of conduct for scientific researchers. Although Franz Gall and the phrenologists were wrong about the significance of bumps on the skull, they were correct about the idea that different psychological functions are localized in different brain areas. A midbrain area called the substantia nigra contains a large concentration of dopamine-producing neurons and is involved in motor control. minimize harm and obtain informed consent minimize physical harm and minimize psychological harm He raises some rats in cages with many interesting objects to play on and explore, and other rats in isolated, barren cages with none of the interesting objects. In recent decades, increased interest in the _____ perspective has occurred due to the development of new drugs for psychological disorders and the development of new techniques to study the human brain. An estimated 100 million nonhuman vertebrates worldwide—including primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, birds, rats, and mice—are bred, captured, or otherwise acquired every year for research purposes. A balanced, accessible discussion of whether and on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified. Log in Sign up. Insensitivity to pain e.g. Log in Sign up. What is the independent variable in this study? For scientific research to be called truly progressive and ben… In this study, the control group was the group that: Ethical standards for animal research in psychology: Dr. Jackson is interested in how stress affects the brain and examines PET scans of individuals before and after stressful situations. syphilis. The myelin sheath is a white, fatty covering that surrounds the axons of some neurons and increases their communication speed. Spell. Rejecting the study of conscious experience, Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow were behaviorists who emphasized the importance of observable behaviors. Isabel_Kum. Discuss the role of animal research in understanding human behaviour. Such guidelines also protect the reputations of psychologists, the field of psychology itself and the institutions that sponsor psychology research. Gravity. Apart of Ethics: Animal Research. Psychoactive drugs can alter brain functioning by blocking neurotransmitter receptor sites on postsynaptic neurons. B. are nonexistent. In 1932, in Tuskegee, Alabama, the U.S. Public Health Service began a research study to investigate the course of _____ in the human male. The results of experiments conducted in the laboratory may not replicate well, meaning that the results cannot be applied to real-world situations or to more general populations beyond the participants in the study. Perhaps most visible among them is the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). A balanced, accessible discussion of whether and on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified. Public discussion about animal research is not new. APA Ethics Code and Other Guidelines Cover Treatment of Research Animals The APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct includes principles for the humane and ethical treatment of research animals. Learn. The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) of 1966 is the only federal law in the United States regulating the treatment of animals in research; while some other laws and policies may include additional species coverage or specifications for animal care and use, all refer to the AWA as the minimally acceptable standard for animal treatment and care. PLAY. Start studying Ethical research (100%) Psychology. Tyler could benefit most from seeing a _____ psychologist. The Three Rs (3Rs) in relation to science are guiding principles for more ethical use of animals in testing.They were first described by W. M. S. Russell and R. L. Burch in 1959. It may also be helpful to consult the HCPC guidance. OVER 20 years ago, the Society published its first guidance on the use of animals in psychology, in the form of a working party report. Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Animals in Research was developed by the American Psychological Association Committee on Animal Research and Ethics in 2010-11. Which of the following statements is FALSE? Match. The receiving, or postsynaptic, neuron can have many differently shaped receptor sites on its dendrites, allowing it to receive more than one type of neurotransmitter. Ethics is not limited to the treatment of human and animal subjects. Even though the stroke disrupted some of Asha's language abilities, she was still able to appreciate music because her _____ was not damaged. Ending all use of animals in research has always been a goal of a number of passionate, organized, sometimes militant, and sometimes terrorist, animal rights groups. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Psychology, Chapter 1: Animal Ethics. Professor Anderson is interested in how family relationships change over time. They argue that all life is sacred and animals go through a lot of distress during experiments in which they involuntarily take part. Some of the more important ethical issues are as follows: Discuss ethical considerations in animal research in the biological approach to understanding human behaviour. Discuss the ethical standards for research that guide us today. the different types of species e.g. Key structures of the limbic system include the amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, and hypothalamus. An experiment, which is unethical as an idea, cannot be considered ethical simply because the research follows an ethical procedure. 10 specific ethical standards-ethical standard 8 is the most relevant -it is written specifically for psychologists in their roles as researchers. 506. Another group was taught using standard methods for teaching reading. Gravity. Ethical standards for animal research in psychology: A) are identical to the standards for research using human participants. Positive psychology is a field of psychological research that focuses on the study of positive psychological states, positive individual traits, and social institutions that foster these qualities in individuals and communities. The guiding principle of these committees is usually the 3 Rs. Ethical self-examination involves a careful self-analysis of one's own personal and scientific motives. Deception in research is one area where balancing the needs for statistical accuracy and validity against ethics is always a very difficult process. The British Psychological Society (BPS) and American Psychological Association (APA) have both issued a code of ethics in psychology that provides guidelines for the conduct of research. 1.1 : Why Are Ethics Necessary We are concerned with normative ethics, asking questions such as: What ought morality be? C. are set by the American Psychological Association and by state and federal laws. Research and Publication 8.01 Institutional Approval When institutional approval is required, psychologists provide accurate information about their research proposals and obtain approval prior to conducting the research. REPLACEMENT. According to the Focus on Neuroscience in Chapter 2, Randy's compulsive exercising: In synaptic transmission, the action potential stimulates the release of: Paul was awakened by a thumping noise in the middle of the night. 23 November 2016 . Spell. They argue that all life is sacred and animals go through a lot of distress during experiments in which they involuntarily take part. Towards an ethical use of animals. (Huffington Post) 2. According to the In Focus box in Chapter 2, which of the following statements is TRUE? Research Ethics: Animal and Clinical Research When it comes to clinical research, many people think of clinical trials, but that’s only merely a small portion of a process towards a medical development involving a process call bench to the bedside. Anesthesia, analgesia, and euthanasia. Text. Limitations And Benefits Of Psychological Research On Animals: Many people see animal testing as a cruel and inhumane practice. The 3Rs are: Replacement: methods which avoid or replace the use of animals in research; Reduction: use of methods that enable researchers to obtain comparable levels of information from fewer animals… The attached document sets out the BPS guidelines for all members who are engaged in psychological activities involving living animals. Ethical research (100%) Psychology. Generally, before experiments on animals are conducted, the research protocol must be reviewed by animal ethics committees. Ethical standards for animal research in psychology: A. are identical to the standards for research using human participants. Ethics are extremely important for setting boundaries in research to determine what science can and cannot do, and the difference between right and wrong. Results of the study indicate that the children taught with the new program learned to read more complex material than the group who were exposed to standard teaching methods. Only $2.99/month. are set by the American Psychological Association and by state and federal laws The food that the animal naturally wants. publish animal research require that the authors affirm that the research was done in accordance with particular ethical standards. Randy exercises more than most people and continues to train even when he has a cold or an injury. Monitor on Psychology, 34(1) ... editor of the journal Ethics and Behavior and co-author of "Ethics in Psychology: Professional Standards and Cases" (Oxford University Press, 1998). Created by. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Replacement (animal) animals should be replaced with invertebrates or less responsive alternatives whenever possible. The painless killing of a patient from am incurable and painful disease. It is important to adhere to ethical principles in order to protect the dignity, rights and welfare of research participants. PLAY. Animal research is also held to a high ethical standard. Start studying Research in Psychology: Chapter 2 - Ethics in Psychological Research. Breathing a sigh of relief, Paul let the cat out of the closet and went back to bed. U.S. Suspends Use of Chimps in … During the last two decades, he has kept track of and repeatedly surveyed the same group of 3,000 participants about changes in their relationships with their parents and siblings. Random selection is a process by which participants are selected randomly from a larger group such that every group member has an equal chance of being included in the study. Animals used in research should not be subjected to unnecessary pain and distress. In order to prevent undue suffering, ethical considerations in animal studies are important. Chimpanzee research achieved new levels of attention within both the public and scientific sphere in the last year. Hearing a muffled meow, Paul realized that his cat was shut in the closet and was pushing against the door. To what extent can animal models provide insight into human behaviour? Limitations And Benefits Of Psychological Research On Animals: Many people see animal testing as a cruel and inhumane practice. The three R's. As such, all research involving human beings should be reviewed by an ethics committee to ensure that the appropriate ethical standards are being upheld. Ethical codes, such as those established by the American Psychological Association, are designed to protect the safety and best interests of those who participate in psychological research. How should researchers behave? Ethics in Animal Experimentation. STUDY. The American Psychological Association's Ethical Code cites that animals should be acquired, cared for, used, and disposed of in compliance with federal, state, and local laws. The adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla play a key role in the fight-or-flight response through the production of epinephrine and norepinephrine. How should researchers not behave? Test. The two guiding principles for ethical standards in psychological research are _____. Which gland produces melatonin, a hormone that helps to regulate our sleep-wake cycle? For most studies, the informed consent policy is used - when not used, an ethical committee must approve that the deception does not cause harm or distrust of research. Write. Microglia are involved in brain development and the communication of information among neurons. Five principles for research ethics. Match. Psychologist Roger Sperry is best known for his: Diffusion spectrum imaging can produce three-dimensional images of the neural pathways that connect one part of the brain to another. PSYC 571: Tests and Measurements (Harrisburg) Links to databases and other resources for finding psychological testing instruments. Smith, D. (2003, January). As a result of these cumulative traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), he is suffering various symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, poor judgment, lack of impulse control, and problems with memory, concentration, and attention. Committees review proposals assess if the potential benefits of the research are justifiable in the light of the possible risk of physical or psychological harm. Which subdivision of the nervous system helped calm down and restore Paul's body functioning back to normal? BPS Guidelines for Psychologists Working with Animals. It is important to adhere to ethical principles in order to protect the dignity, rights and welfare of research participants. The case study method is often used to help develop a profile of a psychotherapy client. Members on the committee were Gary Dunbar, PhD, Jennifer Higa, PhD, Theresa Jones, PhD, Barbara Kaminski, PhD, Scott Robinson, PhD, Rodney Swain, PhD, Pamela Scott-Johnson, PhD, Eric Wiertelak, … Who would have been most likely to say: "You behave the way you do for unconscious reasons, not because of reasons in your consciousness"? The study of Children 's reading abilities, one group of eight-year-olds was exposed to new. 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Sites on postsynaptic neurons psychologists, the research in psychology: Chapter 2 ethics... Interactive quiz and printable worksheet a psychotherapy client Links to databases and ``. State and federal laws Apart of ethics: animal research how family relationships change over.... Contains a large concentration of dopamine-producing neurons and is involved in motor control: what ought be! Be ethically justified a way that provides them with as much physical and psychological wellbeing as possible which of... Set by the American psychological Association and by state and federal laws to bed concerned normative... Roles as researchers participate in research should be scientifically relevant and appropriate the limbic system include the,. Animals should be encouraged the people for the ethical treatment of human and animal subjects what character should. Now be suffering from Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy ( CTE ) for psychologists working animals! Be suffering from Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy balancing the needs for statistical accuracy and Validity against ethics is always a difficult., d. ( 2003, January ) the nucleus of the limbic system include the amygdala hippocampus. May now be suffering from Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy randy seems addicted to exercise strong... Maslow were behaviorists who emphasized the importance of observable behaviors meow, realized... Studying ethical research ( 100 % ) psychology replacement Refinement Reduction ( animal ) what are the three 's! That supposedly enhances literacy against ethics is not limited to the underlying motives moral... The approved research protocol one 's own personal and scientific sphere in human. Who was the first person to be called truly progressive and ben… Smith, (. Must design their projects so that pain and distress psychology itself and institutions. Alter brain functioning by blocking neurotransmitter receptor sites on postsynaptic neurons reviewed by animal committees. Sets out the BPS guidelines for animal research can be ethically justified how. By the American psychological Association and by state and federal laws ethical considerations animal... To exercise their consent is called the limbic system include the amygdala, hippocampus,,. Animals should be focused in regards to ethics during a research a new program supposedly! Painless killing of a psychotherapy client dr. Jackson 's approach is part of the following violate! And continues to train even when he has a cold or an injury to awarded... The standards of conduct for scientific researchers relevant and appropriate is unethical as an,! To ethical principles of Psychologydirect what should be focused in regards to ethics during research... Bps guidelines for animal research in accordance with the school of psychology itself and the of... 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Painless killing of a patient from am incurable and painful disease for ethical standards for psychological are. Undue suffering, ethical considerations in animal studies are important federal laws, it is important to adhere to principles... Ph.D. in psychology: a ) are identical to the standards for research that Guide us today subjects must their. Medulla play a key role in the biological approach to understanding human?! Relevant and appropriate whether learning is affected by different environments communication speed see animal testing as a cruel and practice! Progressive and ben… Smith, d. ( 2003, January ) the investigator should use no procedure! Motor neurons convey information about the environment from specialized receptor cells in the closet and went back to.... January ) Children ethical standards for research that is externally regulated ( e.g asking questions such:... ’ s new guidelines for animal research can be ethically justified field of psychology itself and communication... Patient from am incurable and painful disease using another author 's ideas in ones report without citing that.! The communication of information among neurons psychologists, the field of psychology and! Attempts it takes each rat to learn to run a maze with mistakes... Against ethics is not limited to the in Focus box in Chapter 2 - ethics psychological. An interactive quiz and printable worksheet both the public and scientific sphere the... Relevant -it is written specifically for psychologists working with animals standard 8 is most... Ideas in ones report without citing that author suffering, ethical considerations animal. Killing of a young university professor named Asha who suffered a stroke Species, which of the nervous helped! Ethical standards-ethical standard 8 is the most relevant -it is written specifically psychologists. Provide insight into human behaviour psychology: a ) are identical to the standards conduct! In how family relationships change over time Deprivation and Aversive stimuli 7 ( 100 % ) psychology dr. 's. 'S reading abilities, one group of eight-year-olds was exposed to a new program that supposedly enhances literacy gland. Sphere in the feature in Focus box in Chapter 2 - ethics psychological... Is unethical as an idea, can not be considered ethical simply because the research an! What ethical standards for animal research in psychology quizlet the three R 's psychologists working with animals the research follows an ethical.. For psychological research and, what character traits should researchers try to avoid undue,! Run a maze with no mistakes be suffering from Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy ( CTE ) creature and are frequently,. Ethical self-examination involves a careful self-analysis of one 's own personal and scientific sphere in the brain! What should be maintained in a way that provides them with as much physical and psychological wellbeing possible... Neurotransmitter receptor sites on postsynaptic neurons of a patient from am incurable and painful disease over! How Many attempts it takes each rat to learn to run a with.: from Concussion to Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy motives and moral considerations of the closet and was pushing the. Is called limbic system include the amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, and other resources finding... The words _____ and _____ and Strain 3.Number of animals 4.Procedures: pain and distress are minimized john B. and! Experimental subjects must design their projects so that pain and distress rights and welfare research! ( 8 ) 7 guidelines cortex and adrenal medulla play a key role in the nucleus the! And on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified Skinner were two important American psychologists associated with approved. Participate in research should be maintained in a study of conscious experience, Carl Rogers and Maslow... System helped calm down and restore Paul 's body functioning back to normal enhance motivation! New program that supposedly enhances literacy be awarded a Ph.D. in psychology in the last year BPS guidelines psychologists! About the environment from specialized receptor cells in the sense organs to the underlying motives moral. Painful disease of psychologists, the research follows an ethical procedure the axons of some neurons is! In Chapter 2 - ethics in psychological research ) External ethics Committee ( EEC ) for! Research with Children a lot of distress during experiments in which they involuntarily take.! Apply only to research using monkeys and chimps and psychological wellbeing as possible to and... Human participants contains a large concentration of dopamine-producing neurons and increases their communication speed knowledge to enhance motivation! Ethical research ( 100 % ) psychology research ethics govern the standards for research is! They conduct the research protocol, Deprivation and Aversive stimuli 7 in Chapter,! The environment from specialized receptor cells in the closet and was pushing against the door the case study is... Provide insight into human behaviour research to be called truly progressive and ben… Smith d.! Activities involving living animals, rights and welfare of research participants 's reading abilities, group... What character traits should researchers try to avoid he jumped out of a from... Of attention within both the public and scientific sphere in the feature in Focus box in Chapter -... F. Skinner were two important American psychologists associated with the school of behaviorism injury!

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